Zootechnical performances of Red Maradi goats in farming systems of central region, Burkina Faso (West Africa)
This study aimed to improve the knowledge on the zootechnical parameters of Red Maradi goats introduced in the intervention area of PDRDP/BK in Burkina Faso. The study was based on a retrospective survey complemented with weighing sessions at specific age classes at the farms of ten multiplier smallholder farmers. Data gathered from this study revealed that the smallholder farmers investigated were equally composed of women and man (n= 5 each) with an average age of 42 ± 7.8 years. The average size of the herd was of 5.3 ± 1.6 animals, with a sex-ratio of 1:1.5. The average age to the first kidding, the kidding interval and prolificacy rate for this breed were 12.4 ± 1.9 months, 8.6 ± 2.4 months and 157% respectively. Mean weights of Red Maradi goats were 2.1 ± 0.2 kg kg at birth, 4.8 ± 0.9 kg at 30 days, 8.1±2 kg at 60 days and 10.9 ± 3.1 kg at 90 days. Growth is affected by sex. All obtained performances can be improved while acting on the practices for animal rearing.
Keywords: Red Maradi goats; reproduction; growth; Burkina Faso