Conflict of Interest

“Conflict of interest (COI) exists when there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behavior or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests” WAME.

Authors should disclose all financial/relevant interest that may have influenced the development of the manuscript.

Reviewers should disclose any conflict of interest and if necessary, decline the review of any manuscript they perceive to have a conflict of interest. Editors should also decline from considering any manuscript that may have conflict of interest. Such manuscripts will be re-assigned to other editors.

Further reading

COPE - flowcharts on Conflict of Interest

ICMJE - Conflicts of Interest

STM – International Ethical Principles for Scholarly Publication

WAME - Conflict of Interest in Peer-Reviewed Medical Journals



A submitted manuscript is a confidential material. Herald Journals will not disclose submitted manuscript to anyone except individuals who partake in the processing and preparation of the manuscript for publication (if accepted). These individuals include editorial staff, corresponding authors, potential reviewers, actual reviewers, and editors.  However, in suspected cases of misconduct, a manuscript may be revealed to members of herald journals’ ethics committee and institutions/organizations that may require it for the resolution of the misconduct. Herald journals shall follow the appropriate COPE flowcharts wherever necessary.

Further reading

ICMJE - Responsibilities in the Submission and Peer-Review Process

STM - International Ethical Principles for Scholarly Publication


Recent Issues

Quick Links
Track Manuscript
Become a Reviewer
Become an Editor
Abstract and Indexing
Waiver Policy
Processing Fees
Open Archives Initiatives
Open Access Policies
Editorial Policy
Conflict of Interest
Journals By Category
Agricultural Sciences
Arts and Education
Biological Sciences
Earth Sciences
Medical Sciences
Social Sciences